Friday, 7 September 2018

Reye's syndrome- Rare disease

Reye's syndrome is a rare but serious condition that causes swelling in the brain and liver. Reye's syndrome most regularly impacts children and teenagers getting better from a viral infection, most typically the flu or chickenpox.
Signs and signs and symptoms such as confusion, seizures, and loss of awareness require emergency treatment. Early prognosis and therapy of Reye's syndrome can save a child's life.
Aspirin has been linked with Reye's syndrome, so use caution when giving aspirin to children or young adults for fever or pain. Though aspirin is authorized for use in children older than age 3, young people and teenagers improving from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms have to by no means take aspirin.
For the therapy of fever or pain, consider giving the baby or kid's over-the-counter fever and pain medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) as a safer alternative to aspirin.


Symptoms:
In Reye's syndrome, a kid's blood sugar level generally drops while the levels of ammonia and acidity in his or her blood rise. At the same time, the liver may additionally swell and enhance fatty deposits. Swelling may also manifest in the brain, which can cause seizures, convulsions or loss of consciousness.
The signs and symptoms of Reye's syndrome generally appear about three to five days after the onset of a viral infection, such as the flu (influenza) or chickenpox, or a higher respiratory infection, such as a cold.


Causes:

The actual cause of Reye's syndrome is unknown, even though numerous factors might also play a role in its development. Reye's syndrome appears to be prompted by means of the usage of aspirin to deal with a viral illness or infection like especially flu (influenza) and chickenpox affecting children and teenagers having an underlying fatty acid oxidation disorder.
Fatty acid oxidation disorders are a group of inherited metabolic disorders in which the body is unable to break down fatty acids due to the fact an enzyme is lacking or not working properly. A screening test is needed to determine if the child has a fatty acid oxidation disorder.
In some cases, Reye's syndrome may additionally be an underlying metabolic condition it really is unmasked with the aid of a viral illness. Exposure to certain toxins such as insecticides, herbicides and paint thinner, also may additionally make contributions to Reye's syndrome.

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